If you have had diabetes for a long time, you are more than twice as likely as people without diabetes to have heart disease or a stroke. Your chance of having a heart attack is the same as someone who has already had one. And if you have a heart attack or stroke, it makes it more likely that you will have another. However you can lower your risk by keeping your blood glucose, blood pressure, and cholesterol under control.
Your chances of getting heart disease or having a stroke are even higher if:
• One or more members of your family had a heart attack at an early age—beforeage 55 for men or 65 for women
• You carry extra weight around your waist
• Your LDL (bad) cholesterol or triglycerides, another type of blood fat, are high
• Your HDL (good) cholesterol is low you have high blood pressure
• You are a smoker
Talk with your doctor about what your goals should be for blood glucose, blood pressure, and cholesterol. Your health care team can tell you about changes in diet, activity, and medication that will help you reach your goals.
You can also take these steps to keep your heart and blood vessels healthy:
• Follow a “heart-healthy” meal plan that your doctor or a dietitian designs for you.
• Be physically active for 30 to 60 minutes most days. For example, go for a walk every day.
• Take your medicines as directed and keep taking them, even after you’ve reached your goals.
• If you smoke, quit.
• Ask your doctor if you should begin an aspirin regimen to prevent heart disease or stroke.
This message sponsored by The State of Florida, Department of Health and the Closing The Gap Program